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Exam 2 - study guide - Study guide for Exam 2 Topics/Things...

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Study guide for Exam 2Topics/Things to focus on:Virtue Ethics – Understanding the theory (including all key concepts and theirrelations), major objections to virtue ethics, and how the approach compares to otherethical theories.Virtue EthicsA Different Starting Point for EthicsMost moral theories: What is the right thing to do?Virtue ethics: What kind of person should I be?Virtue ethics is a family of theories that traces its roots (in the West) back to theancient Greek philosopher Aristotle.The aim of these theories is to discover the conditions and character traits thatcontribute to human flourishing.Virtue EthicsThe standard of right action, according to virtue ethics:An act is morally right just because it is the one that a virtuous person, acting incharacter, would do in that situation.The virtuous person is a moral exemplar, someone who sets a fine example andserves as a role model for the rest of us.Virtue ethics cont.Virtue ethics is a form of ethical pluralism:There is a moral rule corresponding to each virtue.E.g. be honest, be just, don’t be timidVirtues are Positive Character traits –things that make you a good human beingContinent person is the person who does the right thing but doesn’t do it forthe right reasons. (They are just doing it because the virtuous person did it)Virtuous person needs to understand why what they are doing is the right thingto do.Virtuous person doesn’t just do the thing for the right reason but they have areason to do it, they want to do the right thing. They don’t have an ulteriorreason. Unlike the continentProblem – is an action right because a virtuous person does it or does avirtuous person do the action because it is rightEudaimonia – best life – happiness – our goal – we want to live the best lifeoBeing virtuous is necessary for a happiness but not sufficient – for yourlife to be complete – according to Aristotle
Germ-line engineering – Understanding the basic concept, arguments for and againstthe practice, and the ethical theories that inform these arguments.What is Germ Line Engineering?2 different kinds of cellsGerm cells become the sperm or egg of a developing organism and transmit itsheritable traits; only the genes of germ cells are passed on to future generationsSomatic cells are any cell of an organism that is not a reproductive cell; they areeventually differentiated into various tissues and organs in the bodyGene modification involves inserting new segments of DNA into chromosomessomatic cells gene modification occurs when the new segments are inserted intospecialized or differentiated body tissue, such as liver or blood cellsGerm lice cell modification occurs when DNA is inserted into sperm or eggs beforefertilization or into the undifferentiated cells of an early embryoThe main argumentConclusion: We should not engage in germ line engineering.

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Term
Spring
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Ethics, germ line engineering

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