Hinkle_HIV-AIDS_Bb - Chapter 37 Management of Patients With HIV Infection and AIDS Copyright 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams Wilkins

Hinkle_HIV-AIDS_Bb - Chapter 37 Management of Patients With...

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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Chapter 37 Management of Patients With HIV Infection and AIDS Chapter 37 Management of Patients With HIV Infection and AIDS
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins HIV and AIDS Advancements HIV and AIDS Advancements Treatment has improved steadily since the advent of combination medication therapy. Survival rates have increased dramatically in the past 20 years 1.2 million people in the United States are living with HIV; one in five are unaware they are infected, according to the CDC. 50,000 new infections per year Number of new HIV infections, globally, declined 19% over the past decade
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Transmission of HIV Transmission of HIV Transmitted by body fluids containing HIV or infected CD4 lymphocytes Blood, seminal fluid, vaginal secretions, amniotic fluid, and breast milk Most prenatal infections occur during delivery Casual contact does not cause transmission Breaks in skin or mucosa increase risk
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Risks Associated With HIV Infections Risks Associated With HIV Infections
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Question Question Is the following statement true or false? The major means of HIV transmission are unprotected sex and the sharing of injection drug use equipment.
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Answer Answer True The major means of HIV transmission are unprotected sex and the sharing of injection drug use equipment.
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Prevention Prevention Standard precautions Safer sex practices and safer behaviors Abstain from sharing sexual fluids Reduce the number of sexual partners to one Always use latex condoms; if allergic to latex, use nonlatex condoms Do not share drug injection equipment Blood screening and treatment of blood products
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Prevention for Health Care Providers Prevention for Health Care Providers Hand hygiene Personal protective equipment (PPE) Soiled patient care equipment handling Environmental control Textiles and laundry Needles and other sharps Patient resuscitation
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health Care Provider Treatment Health Care Provider Treatment Postexposure prophylaxis Vaccination
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins HIV Life Cycle HIV Life Cycle Attachment Uncoating DNA synthesis Integration Transcription Translation Cleavage Budding
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Structure of HIV-1 Structure of HIV-1
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Copyright © 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Life Cycle of HIV-1 Life Cycle of HIV-1
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