Exam 1 Review Sheet - Anthropology 101 Professor...

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Anthropology 101 First Hourly Review SheetProfessor Peters-Golden Fall 2016Robert RedfieldoStudied in Tepotzlàn, MexicooEMIC perspectiveoRedfield found that harmony was dominant and family values controlled societyoBiased by upbringing; small town Midwesterner focused on kinshipoAlso proposed urbanization across a rural-urban continuumOscar LewisoAlso went to Tepotzlàn, Mexico lateroWas surprised by Redfield’s reading and gave very different accountoETIC PerspectiveoLewis emphasized competition and jealousy as main components of societyoAlso biased; raised in NYC where social conflict and economic struggle were commonoConclusion: need both Redfield and Lewis’ accounts to understand full complexityRichard LeeoStudied the Ju/’HoansioThey have a festival where they eat an ox for ChristmasoLee thought it would be gracious of him to get them an ox for their feast but the people instead were angryoHe presented it wrong and instead they thought he was boastful because it was a very egalitarian societyoLee wrote the account Christmas in CaliharaoDiscussed how you should learn and follow the rules and customs of the local settingoThe giving and sharing of food solidifies the bondo“insulting the meat” is when there is no room for statusAnnette WeineroWeiner also studied the Trobriand islanders years after MalinowskioFound something very differentoWeiner found that women’s importance in society was in fact economicoBoth noticed importance of women but explained them differently due to individual biasesoChanges in bias allow new facts to be recognizedBronislaw MalinowskioGave an incredibly detailed account of the Trobriand islanders but made a few mistakesoMalinowski attributed the women’s societal importance to their reproductive abilities linking men together when in fact this was not the caseoBias of western man growing up in 1915Carl LinnaeusoLinnaeus developed first taxonomy of plants and animalsoGrouped life forms based on similarities and differences of physical characteristicsoObserved the result of our common ancestorGregor MendeloDominant and recessive traitsoIndependent assortmentoPea plants, mendelian genetics, Punnett squaresJohn-Baptiste LamarckoIncorrect theoryoPeople change over their life time and it is inherited by following generations
Anthropology 101 First Hourly Review SheetProfessor Peters-Golden Fall 2016oi.e. giraffes stretch their necks for food; over generations necks get longerCharles DarwinoAfter Charles Lyall uniformitarianism, proposed theory of natural selectionoDidn’t know mechanisms of heredity or sources of variation; that was discovered by other people lateroOnly knew offspring inherited parental traitsoHumans and apes share common ancestryNapoleon ChagnonoWent to visit Yanomami people in Brazilian rain forestoThought people were naked so he took off all his clothes and they started laughing

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