2660B-Chapter-11 - 2660B Chapter#11(Occupational Health Psych Frequent sources of Illness and Injury for Workers infectious disease loud noise physical

2660B-Chapter-11 - 2660B Chapter#11(Occupational Health...

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2660B - Chapter #11 (Occupational Health Psych) Frequent sources of Illness and Injury for Workers infectious disease loud noise physical assault (fatal) physical assault (nonfatal) repetitive actions and lifting toxic substances exposure over long time can cause injury or illness but can also happen fast and directly Occupational Health Psychology (OHP) - physical and psychological aspects of employee health, safety, and well-being at work, the psychological factors that contribute to occupational health and well-being Occupational Health and Safety accidents and safety related behaviour accidents - events that occur that cause immediate injuries, and can have cots for the organization and the employees 5 common exposures that can produce injury and illness infectious disease loud noise repetitive actions or lifting toxic substances workplace violence Accidents and Safety accidents 5th leading cause of death in Americans, 10% of accidental death on the job nonfatal accidents far exceed the workplace fatalities motor vehicles leading cause of fatal accidents - accounting for 3% men comprise of 53% of workplace but account for 93% of fatalities fatal and nonfatal accidents are expensive costing about $140 billion a year in the US alone some companies design equipment or focus on people to prevent accidents e.g. having protective goggles, to prevent eye injuries
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application of human factors (ergonomics) can be effective when equipment is poorly designed better design helps prevent further accidents and injuries Factors relating to accidents o management commitment to safety o non work stressors o personality characteristics o production vs. safety emphasis o safety climate o safety training o work stressors Safety climate - shared perception by employees of an organization that safe procedures, practices, and behaviours are encouraged and rewarded by managers those higher on climate show more safety and less accidents Kaminski (2001) - found that pay incentive systems were associated with injuries on the job, Jobs were safer if assembly-line workers were paid per hour rather than based on productivity, since the latter encouraged working fast to the detriment of safety Saavery and Wooden (1994) - found frequency of stressful events is related to work accidents those that are satisfied and have positive attitudes about safety are less likely to have accidents Individual differences - those higher on conscientiousness and emotional stability are less likely to have accidents than those who score low (conscientious people tend to follow the rules and avoid accidents) Ludwig and Geller (1997) - found goal setting behaviour to improved safety behaviour Infectious Disease Exposure those workers that deal with the public one big concern is HIV and hepatitis B in which both are fatal protocol that has been adopted globally that all health worker comply with is
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  • Fall '16
  • John Meyer
  • Work, Occupational safety and health, Occupational health psychology

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