Soc 001 Exam 3 \u2013 Study Notes - Soc 001 Exam 3 Study Notes Chapter 10 Total institution including o Definition a total institution is a place of

Soc 001 Exam 3 u2013 Study Notes - Soc 001 Exam 3 Study...

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Soc 001 Exam 3 – Study NotesChapter 10Total institution, including: oDefinition - a total institution is a place of residence and work where alarge number of like-situated individuals, cut off from the wider society for an appreciable period of time, together lead an enclosed, formally administered round of life – Erving Goffman. In a total institution people are cut off from the rest of society and stripped of their individuality become inmate, patient or recruit. oCharacteristics of evidence that Parris Island is a total institution – therecruits, Swabs, were not allowed to leave the base or engage in social intercourse with non-cadets which creates a unified group, uniforms are given on the first day and talking about family or wealth is considered taboo, not allowed to receive money from home, the role ofcadet must supersede any role the individual is used to play Resocialization - Intense socialization process, Strip away your sense of identity (your “self”), Force you to become a new personDegradation ceremony - Strip away sense of self worth: Insults, abuse, meaningless work, Replace worthless old identity with worthwhile identityDepersonalization - Strip away your old identity: Take away name, appearance, belongings, Replace with new identityBe able to connect the definitions in the textbook to examples in the film “Full Metal Jacket.” Chapter 11Relativity of deviance –what is considered as deviant varies across societies, also what is considered to be deviant at one time may be considered normative at another time, and what is considered deviant varies from subgroup to subgroup within a particular society Nonsociological explanations of why people deviateoLombroso – Cesare Lombroso believed that deviants were biological failures, “Criminals are evolutionary throwbacks or atavists (physical features that make you a deviant like low foreheads, prominent cheek bones, protruding ears and lots of body hair)”oPsychological factors: “aggressive personality” – some forms of deviance, such as violence, re a manifestation of an aggressive personality vs. “superego” – people with a strong conscious tend to be good, whereas people with a weak conscious tend to be bad Sociological explanations of why people deviateoBecker – how people learnto deviate (i.e. how they are socializedto deviate) – people learn form others who have done the deviance
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before, in the case of the marijuana people learned from being told by other how to properly inhale and hold and by close observation. Novice users wont recognize the affects of being high until amore experienced smoker points it out, this is what leads to continuing use because without this people would think that nothing is happeningoHow people learn(i.e. are socialized) to enjoy effects of marijuana; deviance is learned(i.e. socialized) - getting high for the first time is an unpleasant experience because you don’t know how to act, but with
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