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Final2002 - ESM 203 Earth System Science Jeff Dozier Damon...

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ESM 203: Earth System Science Final Examination Jeff Dozier Due: 15 December 2002 5:00 p.m. Damon Turney (e-mail to Dozier, 2 files max, hardcopy to Damon only for drawings and equations, not text) The Final Examination counts 50% of your course grade. Answer all six questions. The exam is open- book. You may use your notes, assigned readings, homework, or other readings that you find in the library or on the web. You may not use each other, so please do not discuss the exam with anyone else. You should refrain from even discussing course notes once you have downloaded or read the exam. Please write focused answers on all of the following questions. Remember that organization, preci- sion, and clarity are important measures of an answer for leaders in environmental management. Also, remember that explanations are more important than re-statements of the information in the question. You need not repeat the question; just the number/letter combination is sufficient. After completing each answer, read it with a critical eye to ascertain whether it fully answers the question assigned. 1. Frequency of El Niño Events At a meeting of water managers and planners from throughout the state of California, a consultant hired by a central California redevelopment agency recommends that dams, levees, and other structures for flood protection ought to dramatically increase, because California will experience more frequent El Niño events in a warmer climate induced by anthropogenic carbon dioxide. He cites the report Confronting Climate Change in California: Ecological Impacts on the Golden State to back up his recommendation. The meeting chair, a member of the Bren School Advisory Board, remembers your stellar presen- tation at the previous spring’s group project event, and asks you to take over and direct the discus- sion along a more balanced path, to explain to the audience the state of knowledge about fre- quency of El Niño. (a) In your first paragraph , explain briefly the part of the consultant’s story that is correct. Re- member, we said ‘explain it’. He didn’t. He simply stated it. Explaining the source of his as- sertion establishes your credibility.
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