Psychology midterm study guide - Psychology midterm study guide Chapter 1 Theory-data Cycle Example Cloth mother experiment with monkeys(cupbored vs

Psychology midterm study guide - Psychology midterm study...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 11 pages.

Psychology midterm study guide Chapter 1 Theory-data Cycle Example: Cloth mother experiment with monkeys (cupbored vs contact-comfort theory) 1. Theory- 2 competing theories 2. Research question- what is most important to the monkey 3. Design- given a cloth mother and a wire mother with milk (which will he go to? 4. Hypothesis- “If monkey is provided a choice, it will pick the cloth mother” 5. Data- whichever mother the monkey runs to. Key terms Evidence-based treatments : a psychotherapy technique whose effectiveness has been supported by empirical research. Empiricism : the use of verifiable evidence as the basis for conclusions; collecting data systematically and using it to develop, support, or challenge a theory. Theory : a statement or set of statements that describes general principles about how variable relate to one another. Hypothesis : a statement of the specific relationship between a study’s variables that the researcher expects to observe if a theory is accurate Data : A set of observations representing the values of some variable, collected from one or more research studies Falsifiability: a feature of a scientific theory, in which it is possible to collect data that will prove the theory wrong Parsimony : the degree to which a theory provides the simplest explanation of some phenomenon
Image of page 1
Image of page 2
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 11 pages?

  • Fall '08
  • Staff
  • Psychology, researcher, external validity, internal validity, statistical validity

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture