Psychology midterm study guide Chapter 1 Theory-data Cycle Example: Cloth mother experiment with monkeys (cupbored vs contact-comfort theory) 1. Theory- 2 competing theories 2. Research question- what is most important to the monkey 3. Design- given a cloth mother and a wire mother with milk (which will he go to? 4. Hypothesis- “If monkey is provided a choice, it will pick the cloth mother” 5. Data- whichever mother the monkey runs to. Key terms Evidence-based treatments : a psychotherapy technique whose effectiveness has been supported by empirical research. Empiricism : the use of verifiable evidence as the basis for conclusions; collecting data systematically and using it to develop, support, or challenge a theory. Theory : a statement or set of statements that describes general principles about how variable relate to one another. Hypothesis : a statement of the specific relationship between a study’s variables that the researcher expects to observe if a theory is accurate Data : A set of observations representing the values of some variable, collected from one or more research studies Falsifiability: a feature of a scientific theory, in which it is possible to collect data that will prove the theory wrong Parsimony : the degree to which a theory provides the simplest explanation of some phenomenon
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- Fall '08
- Psychology, researcher, external validity, internal validity, statistical validity