esm223_07_Other_Reading_USEPA_Superfund_Rules-of-thumb

esm223_07_Other_Reading_USEPA_Superfund_Rules-of-thumb -...

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United States Solid Waste and EPA 540-R-97-013 Environmental Protection Emergency Response OSWER 9355.0-69 Agency PB97-963301 August 1997 Superfund RULES OF THUMB FOR SUPERFUND REMEDY SELECTION
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EPA 540-R-97-013 OSWER 9355.0-69 PB97-963301 August 1997 RULES OF THUMB FOR SUPERFUND REMEDY SELECTION Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Washington, DC 20460
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Notice : This document provides guidance to EPA staff. It also provides guidance to the public and to the regulated community on how EPA intends to exercise its discretion in implementing the National Contingency Plan. The guidance is designed to communicate national policy on these issues. The document does not, however, substitute for EPA's statutes or regulations, nor is it a regulation itself. Thus, it cannot impose legally-binding requirements on EPA, states, or the regulated community, and may not apply to a particular situation based upon the circumstances. EPA may change this guidance in the future, as appropriate.
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ABSTRACT This guidance document describes key principles and expectations, interspersed with "best practices" based on program experience, that should be consulted during the Superfund remedy selection process. These remedy selection "Rules of Thumb" are organized into three major policy areas: 1) risk assessment and risk management, 2) developing remedial alternatives, and 3) ground-water response actions. The purpose of this guide is to briefly summarize key elements of various remedy selection guidance documents and policies in one publication. EPA believes that consistent application of national policy and guidance is an important means by which we ensure the reasonableness, predictability, and cost-effectiveness of our decisions. Gathering these remedy selection policy expectations into one document will support our ongoing efforts to promote these important objectives. For more detailed discussions of these policy areas, consult the National Contingency Plan (NCP) and the guidance documents listed at the end of each section. This guide has been developed as one of the Superfund administrative reforms announced by Administrator Carol Browner on October 2, 1995. To Obtain Documents: EPA employees can obtain additional copies of this guidance, or copies of documents referenced in this guidance, by calling the Superfund Document Center at 703-603-9232, or by sending an e-mail request to superfund.documentcenter@epamail.gov . Non-EPA employees can obtain these documents by contacting the National Technical Information Service at 703-487-4650. This document is also available on the Internet at http://www.epa.gov/superfund .
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1 INTRODUCTION Applicability to the RCRA Corrective Action Program The Superfund and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Corrective Action programs generally should yield similar remedies in similar circumstances. Therefore, the Agency believes that many of the principles conveyed in this document are applicable to the RCRA Corrective Action
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esm223_07_Other_Reading_USEPA_Superfund_Rules-of-thumb -...

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