PSYExam2FormBSummerB2007StudentCopy

PSYExam2FormBSummerB2007StudentCopy - Miami Dade College...

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Miami Dade College Summer B - PSY 2012 Exam # 2 Chapter 5 – 7 Name: __________________________ Date: _____________ Directions : Read each question carefully. Use a Scantron sheet to identify the correct answer. Remember to use a number 2 pencil. Chapter 5 1. In psychology, the formal definition of “learning” is: A) knowledge that can be measured by an intelligence or achievement test. B) any knowledge or skill that has been acquired in a school or in a formal training program. C) behavior that is the result of genetic programming. D) a relatively enduring change in behavior or knowledge as a result of past experience. 2. Pavlov taught a dog to salivate at the sound of a musical tone by repeatedly pairing the tone with food. In this example, the musical tone is the _____ before conditioning and the _____ after conditioning. A) unconditioned response; conditioned response B) unconditioned stimulus; conditioned stimulus C) neutral stimulus; conditioned stimulus D) unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response 3. Pavlov taught a dog to salivate at the sound of a musical tone by repeatedly pairing food with a musical tone. In this example, the food is the _____ and the dog salivating to the food is the _____. A) unconditioned response; conditioned response B) unconditioned stimulus; unconditioned response C) conditioned response; unconditioned response D) conditioned stimulus; reinforcement 4. When Anna was 3 years old, her aunt's pet parakeet landed on her head and pecked at her scalp, hurting her. Following this incident, Anna was afraid of the parakeet. But over time, Anna has become afraid of anything that flies, including butterflies, large flying insects, and wild birds. This example illustrates the phenomenon of _____ in _____ conditioning. A) observational learning; operant B) stimulus discrimination; classical C) biological preparedness; operant D) stimulus generalization; classical Page 1
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5. Jason is addicted to heroin and always injects the drug in the basement of a friend's apartment building. One day he injected his usual amount of heroin but did so in an unfamiliar setting - a friend's garage. Jason experienced symptoms of heroin overdose and almost died. According to psychologist Shepard Siegel, why did the usual amount of heroin cause an overdose in Jason? A) Because conditioned stimuli were not present when he injected the drug, Jason experienced a conditioned compensatory reaction that magnified his response to the drug. B) Because the conditioned stimuli were not present when he injected the drug, Jason did not experience a compensatory conditioned response to counteract the drug's lethal effects. C) Jason experienced stimulus generalization between the two environments, which enhanced the drug's effect. D) Negative reinforcement enhanced the drug's lethal effects in the unfamiliar setting.
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PSYExam2FormBSummerB2007StudentCopy - Miami Dade College...

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