Christianity - Christianity Contents of this lesson...

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Christianity
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Contents of this lesson Christian history The four founders of Christianity The Christian Bible Christian beliefs Life rituals Holy days Divisions in Christianity
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Why Christians are not well versed in Christian history Focus on the future Christianity has historically valued the afterlife over mortal life. There are some aspects of Christian history Christians would rather forget. Different denominations Christianity is fractured into several denominations with complicated histories of their own There are aspects of Christian history that are disputed by various Christian groups.
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Which historical events are important to Christian history? 1. 70 CE the Romans destroy the Jewish temple and Christianity becomes a separate religion from Judaism. 2. 325 The Council of Nicaea when Christian beliefs about the trinity and Jesus were worked out. 3. 350-400 Christian writings are judged by the Nicene Creed to see if they align with Christian doctrine. 4. 400 The Bible is created. 5. 1054 The Great Schism when eastern churches break from the western church. 6. 1095-1291 The Crusades when Christians try to take the holy land from Muslims. 7. 1478 1834 The Inquisition against the Jews. 8. 1517 Beginning of Protestant Reformation 9. 1533 Beginning of English Reformation 10. 1847 Founding of the Mormon Church in the United States
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A more detailed history 8-4? BCE Birth of Yeshua ben Yoseph 30-36? CE Ministry and execution of Yeshua 36- 65 CE Oral tradition of “The Way” among the followers of Yeshua. Members of “The Way” consider themselves Jews. 37 CE Beginning of the ministry of Saul of Tarsus (name is Latinized as Paul) 49-67 CE Peter moves the movement’s headquarters from Jerusalem to Rome 48-49 CE Council of Jerusalem to decide questions of Kosher and circumcision among gentile converts 65-125 Gospels, Acts, Revelation, letters written 70 Jewish revolt against Rome. Destruction of temple in Jerusalem. End of priestly Judaism and beginning of Rabbinic Judaism. Judaism splits into followers of Pharisee leaders and followers of Jesus. 94 First appearance of the word “Christian” in Roman writings. 125-350 Period of Christian writings being collected and copied. 190 Controversy over when to celebrate Easter on the same day as Passover (as was traditional) or on a Sunday? 250-300 Time of persecution under Roman rule 285 Roman Empire split into Eastern and Western halves. 313 Edict of Milan toleration of Christianity in Roman world 321 Emperor Constantine changes Christian Sabbath from Saturday to Sunday to align with Roman worship of the Unconquerable Sun 325 Council of Nicea Christian Creed updated and teachings on the trinity, Jesus, and Mary are worked out.
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A more detailed history 350 400 First Christian scriptures assembled by Bishops. Great variance in what is included among different regions 367 Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria, Egypt sets the New Testament books at 27
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