ch 6 notes II - • Secondary reinforcers • Behavior...

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Operant Conditioning: Examples Tantrums are punished: fewer tantrums Tantrums bring attention: more tantrums Slot machine pays out: gamble more Reward dog for sitting: dog is likely to sit How does this happen? How does this happen?
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Chapter 6:Learning Operant Conditioning Cognitive & Observational Learning
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Operant Conditioning The process whereby a behavior becomes associated with its consequences Thorndike’s puzzle box Law of Effect
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Operant Conditioning: Skinner Box
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Operant Conditioning: Principles Reinforcement Punishment Positive Negative
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Punishment Keys: Swift, consistent, appropriately aversive Challenges Increase aggressive behaviors Fear the person who punishes Most effective when combined with reinforcement for desired behavior
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Reinforcement Primary reinforcers
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Unformatted text preview: • Secondary reinforcers • Behavior modification – token system • Immediate vs. delayed reinforcement – Socialize tonight or study for exam next week? Reinforcement Schedules • Continuous reinforcement • Partial reinforcement – More resistent to extinction: • Fixed interval • Variable interval • Fixed ratio • Variable ratio Beyond Basic Reinforcement • Extinction – No wins at slots • Spontaneous recovery – Next trip to Vegas • Shaping – Successive approximations Cognitive Learning • Latent learning – Tolman’s rats Cognitive Learning • Insight learning – “Aha” experience – Sultan the chimpanzee Observational Learning • Bandura’s social learning theory – Bobo doll study – Modeling...
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