exam 2 notesfinal - 1 who was responsible for Glasnost 251...

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1) who was responsible for Glasnost? 251, 342,361 a) Mikhail Gorbachev 2) Who is the current dominant party in Russia? 366 a) United Russia Party 3) Communist party and economic problems in Russia? 373 a) Russia’s postcommunist transition was wrenching because the country had to remake both its political and its economic institutions following the end of communism. i) Economic stabilization program: abolished controls on prices, raised taxes, cut government spending (1) Large russian producers didn’t initially respond by raising productivity, sending the economy downward and negatively impacting citizens 4) Who was the leader of the communist party and first head of the Soviet government? a) Vlad Lenin 5) What is the relationship between political reform and economic reform in China? a) Economic reform is radical and dramatic, similar to those of communist regimes i) Economic growth is the government's highest priority ii) Communist party system has retreated from direct administration of the economy, promoting private enterprise and investment 6) What happened after Mao died? a) His successors officially and publically rejected most of Mao’s premises, strategies, and outcomes of his revolutionary project, declaring it a failure 7) Who gets to choose who runs for president in Mexico? a) Mexican citizens vote in elections 8) Why did brazil suffer an economic reversal in 1974? a) Oil-shock 9) What is liberation theology in brazil? 496 a) Church was committed to helping the poor and working for social justice in political and civil affairs i) Active role in organizing social movements in defense of material and moral interests of poor parishioners 10) Has to do with Iranian history and what makes it unique among countries in the region, what was unique about the iranian experience a) Islamic Republic of Iran is the world’s only theocracy
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i) A form of government in which all laws are grounded in religion and express the will of God, and a clergy exercises supreme power 11) Why was 1953 important in Iranian history, and what countries were involved?
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