This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6: Learning Learning
A relatively permanent change in behavior that results from experience Psychologists are interested in both the content of learning and the process Types Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Think of a personal example Name a food or drink you used to consume but now cannot... OR Think of a place that you are now very uncomfortable being, but weren't always. Now, think of what unpleasant event coincided with that food/drink/place. Food/drink/place Triggering event: Bacteria, accident, bad news, etc. Consequent: Feeling ill, scared, sad, etc. In classical conditioning, the previously neutral stimulus (NS) comes to elicit a response on its own. Food/drink/place Consequent: Feeling ill, scared, sad, etc. Classical Conditioning Discovered (accidentally) by Ivan Pavlov Key Components Unconditioned Stimulus (US) Unconditioned Response (UR) Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Conditioned Response (CR) Pavlov's Observation Studied digestion in dogs Presented meat powder and measured salivation Dogs started salivating before food was presented Why? Pavlov's Experiment: Phase 1 Food (US): salivation (UR) Tone (NS): nothing Reflexive response Pavlov's Experiment: Phase 2 CS is repeatedly paired with the US A tone is sounded just before the food is presented Acquisition Pavlov's Experiment: Phase 3 Eventually, the CS elicits the CR The CR is the same as the UR The response just has a new trigger (CS) Classical Conditioning Extinction Spontaneous recovery Conditioned Emotional Response Classical Conditioning: Avoidance learning Conditioned emotional response Phobias Biological preparedness Contrapreparedness Little Albert Classical Conditioning Stimulus generalization Stimulus discrimination Higher Order Conditioning Pair CS1 with a new CS2 CS2: CR Dissecting Classical Conditioning Learning to be afraid Amygdala activated Hippocampus helps store emotion + memory of situation The memory of situation can now trigger the emotion Classical Conditioning Applied Drug overdoses Smoking: environmental cues Therapy: systematic desensitization Conditioned compensatory response ...
View Full Document