ETHS paper - Nguyen 1 ETHS 201 Professor William Lauinger...

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Nguyen 1 ETHS 201 Professor William Lauinger, Ph.D. Topic #4 (Singer): Singer’s article on famine relief raises various questions about beneficence, that is, various questions about how much we should be giving of ourselves to the poor and society in general (in terms of time, money, energy, etc.). Present the two different versions of Singer’s argument, explaining how they differ. And do you agree or disagree with Singer on the point that all money that would be spent on luxuries ought to be given away to the poor? That is to say, do you agree or disagree with Singer that it is morally wrong for someone to have luxury items? Explain and defend your position on this matter as well as you can. According to a report (2015) conducted in the third world countries by the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), more than six hundred million children live on less than US $1 a day; 270 million children have no access to health care service and over 400 million children have no access to safe water. Additionally, UNICEF estimates that some 27,000 children die every day from preventable, poverty-related causes. However, at the same time almost a billion people in the first world countries live very comfortable lives, with money to spare for many things that are not at all necessary or according to Singer luxury items. Is it unjust or morally wrong when one has too much on his table whereas others suffer from starvation? In other words, how can one justify having luxuries while others lack basic necessities, like food, safe water, and shelter? Regarding to the issue above, Peter Singer- a utilitarian- strongly claims that all money that one would be spent on luxuries ought to be given away to the poor. Singer even pushes it further by asserting that it is morally wrong for someone to have luxury items while others are
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Nguyen 2 starving. I definitely agree with Singer to the point that people who live in a more privileged life should have an obligation and duty to those in less fortunate circumstances anywhere else. Our care and support should be boundaryless . I also believe that it is morally wrong when one spends
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