ch 3 - Chapter 3 Criteria Standards for Decision Making Criteria standards used to help make evaluative judgments o May be unconscious Disagreement in

ch 3 - Chapter 3 Criteria Standards for Decision Making...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 7 pages.

Chapter 3: Criteria Standards for Decision Making Criteria standards used to help make evaluative judgments o May be unconscious Disagreement in evaluations of something are usually due to differences in criteria for defining the rating scale of that thing (what defines goodness in a teacher may be different for 2 students which is why one may say he/she is a good teacher and another disagrees) o Sometimes disagreements are not due to differences in criteria, but rather differences in judgment of that criteria o This is due to discrepancies in the meanings attached to the teachers behavior due to personal biases, different expectations, or varying operational definitions Values and tastes dictate peoples choice of criteria Conceptual Versus Actual Criteria Before WWII, criteria assessment wasn’t considered important Conceptual criterion the theoretical standard that researchers seek to understand o Can never be measured o Ex. Three conceptual criteria in defining a good college student: intellectual growth, emotional growth, citizenship factor Must turn them into measurable/real factors Actual criterion the operational or actual standard that researchers measure or assess must decide which variables to select as actual criteria o Intellectual growth GPA? o Emotional growth How much have they matured? o Citizenship factor count number of volunteer organizations the student has joined? Criterion Deficiency, Relevance, and Contamination Express the relationship between conceptual and actual criteria in terms of three concepts: deficiency, relevance, and contamination Criterion deficiency the part of the conceptual criterion that is not measured by the actual criterion o How deficient the actual criteria are in representing the conceptual ones o Can reduce (but never eliminate) criterion deficiency Criterion relevance the degree of overlap or similarity between the actual criterion and the conceptual criterion o We cannot know the exact amount of relevance because the conceptual criteria are theoretical abstractions Criterion contamination the part of the actual criterion that is unrelated to the conceptual criterion consists of two parts: o Bias the extent to which the actual criteria systematically or consistently measure something other than the conceptual criteria o Error extent to which the actual criteria are not related to anything at all Criterion deficiency distort the actual criterion because certain important dimensions of the conceptual criterion are not included in the actual criterion C riterion contamination distorts the actual criterion because certain factors are included that don’t belong (they are not present in the conceptual criterion) Example: setting criteria for a good college student Criterion deficiency: o Using GPA to measure intellectual growth from a course where students differ in their previous knowledge of the material o
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2
  • Fall '16
  • John Meyer
  • analyst, work analysis, KSAOs

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask bonus questions You can ask questions ( expire soon) You can ask questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes