ch1 - Chapter 1 The Historical Background of I/O Psychology Psychology scientific study of thinking and behavior Uses rigorous methods of research

ch1 - Chapter 1 The Historical Background of I/O Psychology...

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Chapter 1: The Historical Background of I/O Psychology Psychology scientific study of thinking and behavior Uses rigorous methods of research Stereotype of a psychologist is actually just a clinical psychologist o Most psychologists don’t treat mental disorders, nor do they practice psychotherapy Many psychologists are united through membership in the American Psychological Association (APA) o Very diverse 54 divisions of special interest subgroups o There aren’t many different specialty areas of psycho logy, just many fields where the same basic psychological principles are applied o APA publishes many journals psychologists can communicate their research findings to others o APA holds regional/national conventions, sets standards for graduate training in certain areas of psych (clinical, counseling, and school), develops and enforces a code of professional ethics, and helps psychologists find employment American Psychological Society (APS) o Founded because APA had shifted toward the health care practice areas of psych o Purpose of APS: to advance the discipline of psych primarily from a scientific perspective o Members are academic psychologists, mostly Industrial/Organizational Psychology I/O psych is one of the specialty areas of psych Society for I/O Psychology (SIOP) the professional organization that represents I/O psychologists in the US Increasing number of women entering the field I/O psychology (US) = occupational psych (UK) = work and organizational psych (Europe) = industrial psych (Africa) Increasing interest in I/O psych membership in SIOP as doubled 4% of all psychologists work in the I/O area I/O psychology strives to enhance both the institution and the individual, but the image of the field is often portrayed as more aligned with institutional welfare Knowledge of I/O psych is fairly low in the general public I/O psychology - an area of scientific study and professional practice that addresses psychological concepts and principles in the work world The I/O psychologist is concerned with behavior in work situations o They pose questions to guide their investigation and then use scientific methods to obtain answers Two sides of I/O psych: science and practice I/O psych is an academic discipline The professional side of I/O psych is concerned with the application of knowledge to solve real problems in the world of work I/O psych can use research findings to hire better employees, reduce absenteeism, improve communication, increase job satisfaction, and solve countless other problems The education of I/O psychologists is founded on the scientist-practitioner model a model for education in an academic discipline based on understanding the scientific principles and findings evidenced in the discipline and how they provide the basis for the professional practice o It trains them in both scientific inquiry and practical application
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