Chapter 2 Monetary system - Master Your Career Growth...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

28/01/2017 1 Master Your Career Growth Chapter Two Monetary system Evolution of the International Monetary System Bimetallism: Before 1875 Classical Gold Standard: 1875-1914 Interwar Period: 1915-1944 Bretton Woods System: 1945-1972 The Flexible Exchange Rate Regime: 1973- Present Bimetallism: Before 1875 Bimetallism was a “double standard” in the sense that both gold and silver were used as money. Some countries were on the gold standard, some on the silver standard, and some on both. Both gold and silver were used as an international means of payment, and the exchange rates among currencies were determined by either their gold or silver contents. Classical Gold Standard: 1875-19 During this period in most major countries: Gold alone was assured of unrestricted coinage. There was two-way convertibility between gold and national currencies at a stable ratio. Gold could be freely exported or imported. The exchange rate between two country’s currencies would be determined by their relative gold contents. Classical Gold Standard: 1875-1914 For example, if the dollar is pegged to gold at U.S. $30 = 1 ounce of gold, and the British pound is pegged to gold at £6 = 1 ounce of gold, it must be the case that the exchange rate is determined by the relative gold contents: $30 = 1 ounce of gold = £6 $30 = £6 $5 = £1 Price-Specie-Flow Mechanism Suppose Great Britain exports more to France than France imports from Great Britain. This cannot persist under a gold standard.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern