21. Rule-governed Behavior - RULE-GOVERNED BEHAVIOR PSYC...

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RULE-GOVERNED BEHAVIOR PSYC 4032: Psychology of Learning
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OUTLINE Rule-governed behavior Precurrent behavior Contingency-shaped behavior When rules and contingencies don’t align
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RULE GOVERNED BEHAVIOR Rule governed behavior is used when the listener’s performance is regulated by contingency specifying stimuli . Rules describe the operating contingencies in the environment. That is, they describe the SD: R--> S R relations. A recipe can be considered a set of rules If you mix two parts orange juice with one part vodka, you’ve got a screwdriver. If you put two eggs in with your cake mix, you get a fluffy cake.
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MORE EXAMPLES OF RULE GOVERNED BEHAVIOR For clearer reception, you should use your cell phone outside. To avoid a speeding ticket, drive under 55 MPH. Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. Wash your hands after you use the bathroom. To avoid getting pregnant, don’t hold hands with a boy.
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DEVELOPING RULES We can develop rules that may help control our behavior. When we develop rules that are to be put into place before the relevant conditions are in place, this is called precurrent behavior (an operant the precedes some other response). Shopping lists Telling your friends to take your keys when you have a drink.
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CONTINGENCY SHAPED BEHAVIOR VS. RULE GOVERNED BEHAVIOR As in our examples of rules, we can see that there are some circumstances under which rules don’t really match up with the consequences.
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