Colonial Governance - New World Colonial Governance...

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New World Colonial Governance Siddharth Kumaran, Aditya Addepalli, Jesus Hernandez, Adithya Shastry 6th Period
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1. Political organization in Spanish & Portuguese America; include the viceroyalty & captaincy systems, Habsburg, early Bourbon & Braganza rule.
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New World Colonial Governments The Portuguese and the Spanish Siddharth Kumaran, Aditya Addepalli, Adithya Shastry , Jesus Hernandez 6 3
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The Importance of the Spanish Colonial Model It became the first colonial government that was established in the New World As the most powerful and wealthiest nation in the 16th century it set a model to follow by other nations 4
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The Problem: Decentralization How would Spain rule colonies across the Atlantic? Problems included: Bloody chaos and confusion Greedy and arrogant conquistadors; no respect to authority The Catholic Church Delay of messages and no constant instructions 5
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Solution = Centralization 1. A plan to create a centralized government 2. A better relationship between the Church and the State 3. A system of social hierarchy 6
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Central Government "Casa de Contrataciom" - 1503 Managed expeditions and operations Created laws and regulations (commercial) Establishment of "Council of Indies" -1524 Councils : helped the King with the formulation of policies and allocating territories Established the legislative and executive governance of the colonies Appointed officials to uphold colonial regulations 7
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Viceroyalties Established first in Spain in 1532 and Peru in 1534 Eventually 78 viceroyalties by the end of Spanish colonial period Large areas or territories controlled by a Viceroy Was like a town/city Viceroy Maintained civil order among the people for on avg. 40 years Controlled the military Collected revenue and carried out agreements and deal The House of Bourbon took over the Habsburg In 1700 Philip V became the first king of Bourbon Viceroy in New Spain (the New World) were appointed by the House of Bourbon and had to follow the rules of the King 8
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Case Study: House of Bourbon and the Habsburg The House of Habsburg were a collective family of Kings and Queens that ruled most of Europe that rule from 15th-17th century The King dictated everything Bad system for the start of New Spain The family collapsed due to inbreeding The House of Bourbon took over in the 17th century and dictated over Spain and New Spain 9
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Colonial Government cont. Audencia Below the viceroys 4 in New Spain and 5 in Peru Basically royal courts that had direct access to the Council of Indies Judicial and political functions 10
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Map of Viceroyalties in the New World 11
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12
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Portuguese's Colonial Problem: Brazil Similar to the Spanish, the Portuguese had the problem of decentralization as well Additional problems: No gold or silver as a means of profit Less advanced Native Americans to control 13
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Colonial Government of Portugal Had a similar political organization compared to the Spanish Captaincy system Captaincies are similar to Viceroyalties Large territory of land that is governed by a Donatario Donatario
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