midterm studyguide - I ID questions(5 points each Out of the following 25 there will be 8 for the exam Answers should be brief providing pertinent

midterm studyguide - I ID questions(5 points each Out of...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 10 pages.

I. ID questions (5 points each). Out of the following 25, there will be 8 for the exam. Answers should be brief, providing pertinent information (who, what, where, when) and most importantly , the significance of each term/person/event in our understanding of Korean history. Full sentences are not required. (8 questions @ 5 points each=40 points) 1) Tan’gun Born through the mating of the song of the presiding god over the universe who had taken human form and a bear transformed into a woman Established Choson in the Northern reaches of the peninsula and Manchuria ( the founder of korea) Gives license to round up the age of Korean civilization to 5000 years Reflection of someone from outside becoming ruler Transmission of culture without conquest but through interaction 2) Kwanggaet’o stele King Kwanggaeto was a dynamic Koguryo monarch, who rapidly expanded Koguryo terriotory into Manchuria and across the northern part of the Korean peninsula Monument erected to his memory in the ancient Koguryo capital at the mid-point of the Yalu River Basically tells us the accomplishments of King Kwanggaeto which name literally means extend the territory Discovered by Japanese scholar in the late 19th, leading to a claim made to justify Japan’s twentieth- century occupation of Korea by fabricating the contents ( Japanese had ruled southern part of the Korean peninsula in the fourth century) Recently argued with the claim made by China as a part of China’s northeast project to include Koguryo as their history 3) Bone-Rank System The system of aristocractic rank used in the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla Early manifestation of the hierarchical social structure in Korean society Hallowed bones(royal house) True bones(aristocrats) Headranks 6-1 (3-1 were commoners) Used to segregate society, and particularly the layers of the aristocracy, on the basis of their hereditary proximity to the throne and the level of authority they were permitted to wield. A person's bone rank status governed not only official status and marriage rights, but also the color of one's garments and the maximum dimensions of one's dwelling and carriage. The bone rank system's extreme rigidity certainly helped to weaken Silla toward the end because of stagnation of talent 4) Queen Sŏndŏk One of the first legitimate female ruler in East Asian history , instrumental in laying foundation for the unification of silla (632 to 647) Silla flourished culturally and technologically under her reign (building the oldest observatory in Asia , building the 9-story pagoda at Hwangyong Temple and many Buddhist temples Sending monks and students to China to study more developed culture A great supporter of Buddhism, viewed as an useful ally in further consolidating her domination as if she was a reincarnation of Buddha Queen Sondok,was a central character in the unification saga with the help of Kim Chunchu and Kim Yousin 5) Parhae Founded by Tae Cho-young 7th~10th centuries

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture