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I. ID questions (5 points each). Out of the following 25, there will be 8 for the exam. Answers should be brief, providing pertinent information (who, what, where, when) and most importantly, the significance of each term/person/event in our understanding of Korean history. Full sentences are not required. (8 questions @ 5 points each=40 points)1) Tan’gunBorn through the mating of the song of the presiding god over the universe who had taken human form and a bear transformed into a womanEstablished Choson in the Northern reaches of the peninsula and Manchuria ( the founder of korea)Gives license to round up the age of Korean civilization to 5000 yearsReflection of someone from outside becoming rulerTransmission of culture without conquest but through interaction2) Kwanggaet’o steleKing Kwanggaeto was a dynamic Koguryo monarch, who rapidly expanded Koguryo terriotory into Manchuria and across the northern part of the Korean peninsulaMonument erected to his memory in the ancient Koguryo capital at the mid-point of the Yalu RiverBasically tells us the accomplishments of King Kwanggaeto which name literally means extend the territoryDiscovered by Japanese scholar in the late 19th, leading to a claim made to justify Japan’s twentieth- century occupation of Korea by fabricating the contents ( Japanese had ruled southern part of the Korean peninsula in the fourth century)Recently argued with the claim made by China as a part of China’s northeast projectto include Koguryo as their history3) Bone-Rank SystemThe system of aristocractic rank used in the ancient Korean kingdom of Silla Early manifestation of the hierarchical social structure in Korean society Hallowed bones(royal house) True bones(aristocrats) Headranks 6-1 (3-1 were commoners)Used to segregate society, and particularly the layers of the aristocracy, on the basis of their hereditary proximity to the throne and the level of authority they were permitted to wield. A person's bone rank status governed not only official status and marriage rights, but also the color of one's garments and the maximum dimensions of one's dwelling and carriage.The bone rank system's extreme rigidity certainly helped to weaken Silla toward the end because of stagnation of talent4) Queen SŏndŏkOne of the first legitimate female ruler in East Asian history , instrumental in laying foundation for the unification of silla (632 to 647)Silla flourished culturally and technologically under her reign (building the oldest observatory in Asia , building the 9-story pagoda at Hwangyong Temple and many Buddhist templesSending monks and students to China to study more developed cultureA great supporter of Buddhism, viewed as an useful ally in further consolidating her domination as if she was a reincarnation of BuddhaQueen Sondok,was a central character in the unification saga with the help of Kim Chunchu and Kim Yousin5) ParhaeFounded by Tae Cho-young7th~10th centuries