CSOC Midterm Notes - CSOC103 MIDTERM NOTES SAHEL MANOCHEHRY...

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CSOC103 MIDTERM NOTES SAHEL MANOCHEHRY CHAPTER 1Putting Social Life into PerspectiveSociology:The systematic study of human society and social interactionSociologists apply both theoretical perspectives and research methods to examinations of social behaviour Study how human behaviour is shaped by group life and how, in turn, group life is affected by individualsoEnables us to see how behaviour is largely shaped by the groups to which we belong and by the society in which we liveSociety:A large social grouping that shares the same geographical territory and is subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectationsGlobal Independence:A relationship in which the lives of all people are closely intertwined and any one nation's problems are part of the larger global problemCommon-sense Knowledge:A form of knowing that guides ordinary conduct in everyday life oWe often rely on common sense to answer key questions a\bout behaviour oMany common-sense notions are mythsMyth:A popular but false notion that may be used, either intentionally or unintentionally, to perpetuate certain beliefs or "theories" even in light of conclusive evidence to the contrary Sociologists strive to use scientific standards in studying society and social interactionoSome people argue that sociology must be completely value free - without distorting subjective bias The Sociological ImaginationSociological Imagination:C. Wright Mill's term for the ability to see the relationship between individual experiences and the larger society oAwareness allows us to understand the link between our person experiences andthe social context in which they occur oHelps us distinguish between personal troubles and social (/public) issues High-Income Countries:Nations with highly industrialized economies; technologically advanced industrial, administrative, and service occupations; and relatively high levels of national and personal income oHigh standards of livingoLower death rate due to advances in nutrition and medical technologyoEx. Canada, US, Australia, Japan, Western EuropeMiddle-Income Countries:Nations with industrializing economies, particularly in urban areas, and moderate levels of national and personal income oMost middle-income countries are experiencing rapid industrializationoEx. Brazil, MexicoLow-Income Countries:Countries that are primarily agrarian, with little industrialization and low levels of national and personal income oPeople typically work the landoAmong the poorest people of the worldoEx. Many of the nations of Africa and AsiaThe future of this country is deeply intertwined with the future of all other nations of the world on economic, political, environmental, and humanitarian levelsRace:Term used by many people to specify groups of people distinguished by physical characteristics such as skin colour, but no "pure" racial types exist1
CSOC103 MIDTERM NOTES SAHEL MANOCHEHRY o

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