History Final 137yehrhdji - Nick Ambrosino Prof Wallis HIST...

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Nick Ambrosino Prof Wallis HIST 107 Final Essay The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, there are many reasons to depict what caused it. I believe that between the economy and the new reforms that where put into place in the late 80s and early 90s could be to blame. In this essay I will explain why these two things caused the fall and how they came into play. First, I would like to start with the main reason why the greatest and strongest communist government at the time collapsed. This reason is the corruption of the government and the untrue standings of the economy in Russia. Russia and the higher officials were not even aware of the crippling economic numbers that were on going. The government economists put out fake numbers to keep the higher ups happy as well to seem stronger to other countries such as America and other un- communistic affiliates. They did this because they knew it was inevitable for the economy that size to be controlled from the Soviet Union’s uprising, which was always corrupt. Without any real knowledge of true standing numbers, it was difficult to manage and with the size of government it was not easy to maintain an even balance of power of the government and strength
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of the economy. The Soviet Union was communist and the policy of everyone getting equal pay and land sounds great, but it’s not an effective way to keep the economy strong when you can’t manage it. There was no competition in the market place, because no matter how much money you made or didn’t make, it gives you the same amount of return. That’s like saying I work as a salesman in a store and my coworker has the same job as me and we work for commission. I make twenty sales in one day while my coworker sits in the corner on his phone ignoring customers, but we both leave at the end of the day with the same amount of money. I will tell you now, I would not continue to work hard if I knew that no matter what I did, I would always get as much as anyone else. So, that’s how everyone felt at that time. No one would try to increase sales or try harder to get people to buy because they knew they would get the same amount of money. Without a competitive nature, the economy cannot continue to perform the way it needs to and the government will not stand with lack of structure or means of funds. The currency will not hold up and end up being worth nothing. When the officials found this out, no one did anything about it. But then, stepped in a man by the name Mikhail Gorbachev, who created reforms to try to help the economy and the competing market. However, this ended up creating more problems and ultimately helped destroy the government to a point of no return. Unfortunately, he receives all of the blame for the fall of the Soviet Union.
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Now, I am going to talk about the political reforms that Mikhail Gorbachev set up which go by the names “Glasnot (liberalization, opening up) and "perestroika" (reconstruction)” 1 . Gorbachev was a very educated man, not only in Soviet politics, but also in western politics. He believed
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