Chapter 12- Antebellum Culture and Reform

Chapter 12- Antebellum Culture and Reform - Lily Short...

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Lily Short Chapter 12: Antebellum Culture and Reform Historical Time Periods 4 & 5: 1800-1848 & 1844-1877 Chapter Objectives: 1. In what ways did American intellectuals develop a national culture committed to the liberation of the human spirit? a. American intellectuals were aware of the low regard in which Europeans held their artistic and intellectual life, and in the middle decades of the nineteenth century they continued to work for both an elevation and a liberation of their nation’s culture—for the creation of an American artistic world independent of Europe, one that would express their nation’s special virtues b. Many people in America were looking at American paintings in the Antebellum period because they believed Americans were creating important new artistic traditions of their own c. With James Fennimore Cooper, American made considerable progress in the liberation of America from European literature as novelists d. In Cooper’s novels, the ideal of the independent individual with a natural inner goodness 2. How did this commitment to the liberation of the human spirit lead to and reinforce the reform impulse of the period? a. This simultaneous efforts to liberate the individual and impose order on a changing world also helped create a wide range of new movements to remake society—movements in which to a striking degree, women formed the real rank and file and often the leadership as well b.
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