Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 I Personality Its Basic Nature a What...

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Chapter 4 I. Personality: Its Basic Nature a. What is personality? i. Each person possesses a unique set of traits and characteristics ii. Personality is fairly stable b. Personality and Situations: The interactionist Approach i. Personality interacts with the situation it is in before behaving ii. Examples 1. Situation and personality lean the same way causing an action or inaction 2. Personality and situation lean opposite ways causing one of them to win out and cause action or inaction a. Depends on the strong pull iii. Peoples personalities should fit the required job 1. Leads to more productive workers c. How is personality measured? i. Objective Tests: Paper-and-Pencil Measures of Who We Are 1. Respond to a series of questions to determine what type of personality you have 2. Used to predict behaviors ii. Projective Test 1. Report on what is perceived and their personalities are visible in their responses iii. Reliability and Validity: Essential Requirements of Personality Tests 1. After running any type of test it is important to make sure that the test is both reliable and valid iv. Do Organizations Have Personalities too? 1. Companies are often described as having personality traits similar to people
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2. Organizational attractiveness is the extent to which individuals perceive organizations as attractive places to work II. Major Work-Related Aspects of Personality: The “Big Five,: Positive versus Negative Affectivity, and Core Self-Evaluations a. The Big Five Dimensions of Personality: Our Most Fundamental Traits i. There are five main personality categories 1. Extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism Openness to experience ii. Measured through the use of questionnaires iii. Dimensions relate strongly to work performance iv. Play a role in who ends up becoming a leader b. Positive and Negative Affectivity: Tendencies toward feeling Good or Bad i. Mood states can strongly affect behavior at work ii. Affective states- current feelings 1. Based on temporary conditions and stable dispositions iii. High positive affectivity behave differently than those with high negative affectivity iv. Can affect: 1. Decision making, team performance, aggressive behavior c.
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  • Fall '07
  • GONCALOJ
  • Big Five personality traits, Personality Dimensions, Machiavellianism, personality dimensions Openness, main personality categories

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