Chapter 11:12 Physical Low Incidence - Physical Disabilities Health Impairments ADHD Chapter 11 Components of IDEA Definitions Severe Orthopedic

Chapter 11:12 Physical Low Incidence - Physical...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.

Physical Disabilities, Health Impairments, & ADHD, Chapter 11Components of IDEA DefinitionsSevere Orthopedic Impairment (OI)Congenital abnormality: club foot, absence of limbImpairments caused by disease: poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis (bacterial infection causing pain)Impairments from other causes: cerebral palsy, fractures, burnsAdversely affecting educational performanceOther Health Impairment (OHI)Limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problemsAsthma, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, leukemia, sickle cell anemiaAdversely affecting educational performanceMany children with OI and OHI receive services under other categoriesSome do not require specialized educational servicesOrthopedic ImpairmentsCerebral PalsyPermanent disorder of voluntary movement and postureLittle relation between impairment and intellectual developmentClassified according to muscle tone and motor movementSpina BifidaCongenital malformations of brain, spinal cord, or vertebraCan result in paralysis below affected vertebraHydrocephalic condition common; treated with a shuntMuscular DystrophyProgressive weakening and degeneration of the muscles (can’t reverse)Little relation between impairment and intellectual developmentSpinal Cord Injuries: 80% malesCaused by penetrating injury, fracture, stretching, or compression of spinal cordCar accidents, sports injuries, and violence most common causesResult in paralysis below affected vertebraOther Health ImpairmentsSeizure disorder (epilepsy)Caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brainThree different categories based on severitySeizures can be controlled with medicineDiabetesChronic disorder of metabolismBody unable to breakdown sugar, to obtain and retain adequate energy from food
Background image
Type 2 diabetes most common formTreated with insulin, diet, and exerciseAsthmaChronic lung disease resulting in a narrowing of airwaysLeading cause of absenteeism in schoolCauses unknown but considered interaction of heredity and environmentCystic FibrosisGenetic disorder affecting pulmonary and digestive systemsNo reliable cure yet foundHuman Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) & Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)Breakdown in the immune system prevents the body from fighting infectionsNo known cure or vaccine existsAttention-Deficit/Hyperactivity DisorderThe essential feature is a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than is typically observedThree ADHD subtypes: combined, predominantly inattention, and hyperactive-impulsiveMost students with ADHD have the combined typeChildren with ADHD can be served under the “other health impairments” category or under Section 504
Background image
Image of page 3

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture