Chapter 5 Learning Disabilities - Chapter 5 Learning Disabilties IDEA Definition of Specific Learning Disability(LD A disorder in one or more of the

Chapter 5 Learning Disabilities - Chapter 5 Learning...

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Chapter 5Learning DisabiltiesIDEA Definition of Specific Learning Disability (LD)A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using languageMay manifest itself in an imperfect ability to:oListen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculationsIncludes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasiaDoes not include learning problems that are the result of other disabilities or environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantageOperationalizingthe DefinitionMost states require three criteria be met to receive services:Discrepancybetween intelligence and achievementoAn “unexpected” difference between general ability and achievementExclusionarycriterionoThe student’s difficulties are not the result of another known condition that can cause learning problemsA need for special education servicesoThe student shows specific and severe learning problems despite standard educational effortsThe NJCLD Definition of LDA general term that refers to a group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking,reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilitiesThese disorders are intrinsic to the individual and presumed to be dueto central nervous system dysfunction and may appear across the life spanProblems with self-regulatory behaviors, social perception, and social interaction may coexist but do not themselves constitute a learning disabilityAlthough learning disabilities may occur with other handicapping conditions or with extrinsic influences, they are not the result of thoseinfluences(They don’t like the federal definition)CharacteristicsStudents with LD experience one or more of the following difficulties:Reading problems - 80% of all children identified
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Deficits in written language - Perform lower than their age-matched peers without disabilities across most written expression tasks
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