Chapter 7: Health DisparitiesMULTIPLE CHOICE1.A nurse is studying the increased infant mortality rate at a local hospital in a largely African American community. The nurse notes that there are very few options for prenatal care in the community and recognizes that this is an example of:A.Health disparityB.Health inequityC.Health injusticeD.Social determinant of healthANS: BObjective: 1. Compare and contrast the concepts of health disparity, inequity, and inequality.pp. 157-158Heading: DefinitionsIntegrated Processes: Nursing ProcessClient Need: Client Need: Health Promotion and MaintenanceCognitive Level: Application [Applying]Concept: Promoting Health; Evidence-Based Practice; PregnancyDifficulty: DifficultFeedbackAA health disparity is simply a difference in health outcomes; it does not necessarily implyan unequal or unjust difference.BA health inequity is a disparity that is also unjust or unfair.CThis is incorrect; a health inequity, not a health injustice, is a disparity or difference that is considered to be unjust or unfair.DA social determinant of health is one of the factors that contribute to a person’s life and health. These include the environment in which someone lives, works, or grows up.
PTS:1CON:Promoting Health | Evidence-Based Practice | Pregnancy2.Which of the following is the definition of health disparity?