Running Head: HOW DO ETHICS INFLUENCE VALUE TRADE-OFFS IN THE PURSUIT OF SECURITY? 1How do ethics influence value trade-offs in the pursuit of security?
HOW DO ETHICS INFLUENCE VALUE TRADE-OFFS IN THE PURSUIT OF SECURITY ? 2IntroductionSecurity concerns have progressively become part and parcel of our daily lives by defining and shaping our forms of social relations. As asserted by Abraham Maslow in the hierarchy of needs, security is an essential need that must be met by all human beings disregarding the form it takes in their livelihoods (Maslow & Lewis, 1987). Advances in sociological discourse suggest that it can be a strong sociocultural construct which will dominantly influence our social life principles. Primarily, security is considered as the view of reality by individuals, social institution and groups, which represent strongly held feelings and politically asserted as an agenda (Heywood, 2015). The concept of security as attracted a lot of attention overs the years from sociologists and academicians since the ending of the cold war in 1989. As outlined by (Wolfers, 1952), there is a need to the focus on which specific values must protected, from which threats, through which means and what would be the cost implication. There has been a lot of dynamism in the field of security, ranging from, military, economic, environment, identity and social security each with unique concepts (Drake,2007). The paper evaluates how the concepts of security are perceived and subsequently integrated into our social relations within the civil society. Additionally, it evaluates how ethics influence value trade-offs in pursuit of security Overview of a civil societySociologist widely perceives the concept of civil society as relating to the voluntary organization or participation of the public or citizens in an autonomous sphere delineated from government activities (Heywood, 2015). During the age of Enlightenment, Jean-JacquesRousseau developed the concept of the social contract in understanding the legitimacy of society and its power relations. Primarily the social contract implies an agreement by the all the members of the society to surrender part of their freedoms and submit to the authority of ruler to gain the protection of their other remaining rights.
HOW DO ETHICS INFLUENCE VALUE TRADE-OFFS IN THE PURSUIT OF SECURITY ? 3Further, according to Thomas Hobbes the social contract was considered essential in society to ensure political order due to the precarious human condition bounded by personal power and conscience (Heywood, 2015). As a result, without political order, all human being would access to all the freedoms and rights, rationalizing social vices such as rape, murder among others. To avoid the negative impacts of unlimited freedoms and rights, men in societycontracted with each other to create a civil society, using the social contract. By allowing a few people to exercise authority over them, society gains security in return for the submission. This is the primary basis of civil society.
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