This unit plan is all about what makes up stories using animals. Many children love
animals, and the goal of the unit is to bring understanding and enjoyment of reading to the young
students. Throughout the week, the students will learn how to differentiate between storybooks
and poems, what are the individual elements that make up stories such as characters, conflict,
resolution and how we can sometimes relate to those elements in our lives. The students will
learn about rhymes in books and how we can create new words by building on what we already
know and how books can help us to do just that. More importantly, the unit plan is to develop a
love and enjoyment of reading to the students in a way that shows them how a book can open up
their imagination. The plan is for kindergarten, ages 6 to 7 years old.
Piaget would consider this
stage of development as the concrete operational stage. In this stage of development children
now “understand inductive logic (that is, can go from a specific example to a general principle);
they can also begin to manipulate mental categories to solve problems” (Coats, 2013). However,
Erikson views this stage as Industry vs. inferiority, stating that “children are learning to cope
with new social demands as well as learning academic skills. They need to feel as if the work
they do is important to the functioning of their family or social group” (Coats, 2103).
The unit plan is supported more by Erikson’s theory of the students being in the industry
vs. inferiority stage. The theory is found specifically in the lesson on conflict. The students in
this lesson learn about how in stories characters tend to deal with the uprising, the conflict. How
they come to resolve the issue determines the outcome. They learn how their actions can
determine the path the story takes and how the decisions we make can determine the results in
our lives. Another theorist my plan is built on is the Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky.
Vygotsky, the theory of sociocultural development suggests children learn best through social
interactions (Estes, L. & Krogh, S., 2012). Many times, throughout the unit plan students will