PSCI Class Notes

PSCI Class Notes - Email [email protected] Phone 940-891-6803...

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Email: [email protected] Phone: 940-891-6803 Office Hours: 5- 6:30 MTWH Texas reading website: Chapter 1 National elections- held every two year. All 435 members of House of Representatives, 1/3 of the Senate up for reelection. It is a staged race done by the Senate. State elections- governors, state legislatures, and other statewide offices like attorney general, railroad commissioner. In Texas, as in 37 other states, we elect judges. The elections are bipartisan (political party designations). Local elections- mayor, city council, sheriffs, school boards We start to get a voting overload Primary elections- narrow down number of candidates; each party elect nominee to square off against the other nominee in the general election Nonpartisan elections - held without party identification In 27 states there are initiatives (placed on ballot by citizen petition) and referenda (proposed by legislature or council for citizen vote). Both a.k.a. propositions. Other democracy doesn’t use a primary system, they generally choose from a slate. Wet/dry elections Same sex marriage is usually a referenda II. Government and Politics In spite of all these elections, Americans still don’t trust the government.
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Max Weber defined government as “the institution in society that has a “monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force.” Madison say: A protection institution that invade countries or to invade their own land if men were angels, no government would be necessary”. The purpose of the government to not invade our privacy or impede III. Types of Government Government by one person- monarchs ruling through heredity of tyrants who take power by force Government by the few- aristocracy (leaders chosen by birth; ENGLAND) and oligarchy (a few who gain power by wealth, military power or party membership) Government by the many- democracy; from Greek “rule by the people” To Aristotle: Democracy- rule by the many in their own interests
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PSCI Class Notes - Email [email protected] Phone 940-891-6803...

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