Exam 3 Notes (All Lectures)

Exam 3 Notes (All Lectures) - Sociology Exam 3 Notes Derek...

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Sociology Exam 3 Notes Derek Cullum Master Status o A status bound up in a person’s Social Identity, often shaping that person’s entire life. o Another aspect of a master status is that it overrides all other features of a person’s identity. W.I. Thomas and the Thomas Theorem. o “Situations defined as real are real in their consequences.” o The perception does not have to be correct, yet its consequences are real. Ethnomethodology o The study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings. o Ethnomethodology uncovers norms; the norms which are so “normal” we don’t notice them. Social Disruption/Breaching Experiments. 1. Write down the norm in the situation. 2. Describe your disruption. 3. Write you the expected response to the disruption 4. Explain why you think the person will respond as you expect. 5. Perform experiment at least 3 times. Goffman’s Dramaturgical Analysis o The study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance o Presentation of Self- A person’s efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of others. o Sometimes called impression management. Performances o Doctors Office o Props- Clipboard, desk, computer, books, certificates. o Attitude- Short and curt. o Gestures- o Voice o Set o Blocking- Where people stand. Different sets. Nonverbal Communication o Communication using body movements, gestures, and facial expressions rather than speech o Eye contact. o Facial Expressions o Body language o Demeanor o Use of Space (Personal Space) o Staring, smiling, touching.
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o Paralinguistic cues- The way we are saying the words we are saying. o Pitch, loudness, rhythm, emphasis, frequency, hesitation. Idealization o We often try to convince others that our behavior reflects ideal cultural standards rather than selfish motives. o Not all motives are selfish. o Yet, if we believed the politicians, none of them are in it for the power or prestige. Their performances are idealized. Embarrassment o Embarrassment- Spontaneous reaction to a sudden or transitory challenge of our identity. o Embarrassment- “Losing Face” o One can “restore face” by: o Dismissing the condition that caused the embarrassment. o Alternatively, one can restore face by creating a new identity. Tact o ‘Tact is the ability to describe others as they see themselves.’ o Abraham Lincoln o Tact- Behavior of the audience which allows the actor to retain his/her identity. o This lets the actor continue with the performance. Emotions o There is a biological side to emotion o Happiness, sadness, fear, anger, disgust, and surprise (Ekman, 1980) o Changes in heart rate, blood pressure, hormones, etc. o There is also a psychological aspect of emotion o Take a psych class. Sociology of Emotions
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Exam 3 Notes (All Lectures) - Sociology Exam 3 Notes Derek...

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