Memory Part 3

Memory Part 3 - Memory Part 3 Retrieval process of getting information out of LTM(storage Recall measure of memory in which the person must recover

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Memory Part 3 Retrieval - process of getting information out of LTM (storage) Recall - measure of memory in which the person must recover information learned at some earlier time, usually with few external memory cues (fill-in-the-blank test) Recognition - Measure of memory in which the person has only to identify or match items previously learned to items that are presented (multiple-choice test) LTM Retrieval Relearning memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material a second time (comprehensive final) Recognition and relearning show that we actually remember more than we can consciously recall Recall Serial position effect – tendency to remember information at the beginning and end but forget information in the middle Demonstrates errors of recall
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False Memories False positive – error of recognition in which people think that they recognize some stimulus that is not actually in memory. Forgetting Forgetting can occur at any memory stage As we process information, we filter, alter, and lose much of it “To remember our past is often to revise it.” Curve of forgetting - a graph showing a distinct pattern in which forgetting is very fast within the first hour after learning a list and then tapers off gradually. Memory Failures 7 sins of memory (Schacter): Absent-mindedness – lapses in attention that lead to encoding failure Transience - Storage decay over time when information isn’t used Blocking – temporary inability to retrieve information, usually because of interference from other information Misattribution – confusing the source of a memory Suggestibility – incorporating misleading information into a memory Bias – influencing memories by present knowledge, beliefs, and feelings Persistence – inability to prevent unwanted memories
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Forgetting as Encoding Failure Sin of absentmindedness Information never enters LTM because it is never properly attended and/or encoded
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This note was uploaded on 08/08/2008 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Guazzo during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Memory Part 3 - Memory Part 3 Retrieval process of getting information out of LTM(storage Recall measure of memory in which the person must recover

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