Exam 1 Lectures Chapters 1 & 2

Exam 1 Lectures Chapters 1 & 2 - Derek Cullum...

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Derek Cullum Sociology Exam 1 Lectures o Sociology o Systematic study of Human Society o Human Society: Populations Institutions Symbols, values, meanings o Science which Studies: Social Structure Social Interaction Social Change o Studied through Observation Comparison Historical Analysis. o Sociological Perspective o Forests and Trees The canopy and shape of a forest is different from a single tree. o Swarms and Bees. It takes a group of Bees with division of labor to make honey An individual doesn’t have a suicide rate, communities do. o 3 Fallacies Stereotype- to attribute a single characteristic to all members of a group Ecological Fallacy- To attribute the Characterisitics of a group to an individual. Individualistic Fallacy- to attribute the characteristics of an individual to an entire group. (Close to stereotyping.) o Perspective from the Margins o Some groups on the Margins, like African Americans, may see something about a social structure or institution that Caucasians may not see. o Social Integration o More social ties in a society means you are less likely to commit suicide. o Less Social Integration increases you chances of suicide. o Origins of Sociology o 19 th Century Europe o New Industrial Economy o Auguste Comte He named the discipline of Sociology. Comte’s 3 stages of social development for every society. 1
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Derek Cullum Theological Metaphysical Scientific 2
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Derek Cullum Comte’s 3 Stages and Heavenly Bodies Example of Comte’s 3 stages with the planets o Theological Era saw the planets as Gods (e.g. Greek and Roman Civilizations) o Metaphysical era considered the planets as influential energy (e.g. Renaissance Period) o Scientific Era saw the planets as natural objects subject to natural law (e.g. the threat of Galileo) o Positivism- the only authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge.
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Exam 1 Lectures Chapters 1 & 2 - Derek Cullum...

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