Exam 1 Notes

Exam 1 Notes - Psychology 107 August 27, 2007 Psychology-...

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Psychology 107 August 27, 2007 Psychology- the science that seeks to understand behavior and mental processes, and to  apply the understanding in the service of human welfare. Some subfields of psychology Cognitive Developmental Engineering Community Biological Clinical Social Counseling Personality Educational Industrial/Organizational Sport Forensic Historical schools of psychology o Structuralism (Wundt, Titchner) o Basic building blocks of the conscious mind. o Psychodynamic (Freud) o Unconscious mind. o Believed it affected all of our behavior. o Functionalism (James) o How consciousness functions to help people adapt to their world. o How does consciousness help us? o Behaviorism (Watson, Skinner) o If we understand what behavior accomplishes for us, we will understand  why we do them. Approaches to psychology o Approach: way psychologists view a problem; a framework.
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Biological- Physical  Processes Behavioral- Mental  processes are learned. Evolutionary- Adapt and  survive. Cognitive- Take in, process,  and reuse information. Psychodynamic-  Unconscious processes. (Freud) Humanistic- People have  choices. How we act and  think. Chapter 2 Process of Scientific Research o Identify the Problem o Develop operational definitions o Collect Data o Report Result Identifying the Problem o Theory : A set of related statements that are supposed to explain and predict. o Hypothesis : A specific, testable  idea to study. o Hypotheses   are often small pieces of broader theories. Developing Operational Definitions o Operational Definitions:  Statements that exactly describe what it is that we are  using in our research study. o These usually include our variables  and our methods . o Variables: Feeling angry, weight, Feeling happy. o Methods: How we have these things happen. Collecting Data o Naturalistic observation - Watching the real world happens, but not getting  involved.
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o Case studies-  Study one person or a small group of people to learn as much as  you can about their very special circumstances. o Surveys - Questions that people are asked about their attitudes, beliefs. o Experiments-  The only method of research that tells us the cause and effect. o Because researcher has some control over the causes. o Researcher can determine the conditions. Experiments: Variables  o Independent Variables (IV) o Experimenter controls/manipulates this. o Experimenter KNOWS the value of this variable BEFORE the experiment  starts. o
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This note was uploaded on 08/08/2008 for the course SOCI 101 taught by Professor Guazzo during the Spring '08 term at Texas A&M.

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Exam 1 Notes - Psychology 107 August 27, 2007 Psychology-...

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