03DCTandRelativismBW

03DCTandRelativismBW - Ethics and Religion How does faith...

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1 Ethics and Religion How does faith or belief in God relate to the project of moral philosophy? - Are the two incompatible? -- No - Do we need to settle questions of faith before addressing questions of morality? -- This depends in part on whether we accept Divine Command Theory Divine Command Theory (DCT) 1. An act is morally right if and only if it is required by God (or by the gods) 2. An act is morally wrong iff it is forbidden by God 3. God’s commandments are what makes these acts morally right or wrong - Theists tend to accept 1 and 2 -- But many theists reject 3, and therefore reject divine command theory Divine Insight Theory (DIT) 1. An act is morally right if and only if it is required by God (or by the gods) 2. An act is morally wrong iff it is forbidden by God 3. God’s commandments are what makes these acts morally right or wrong 3’. God’s commandments are an infallible guide to moral truths, because God perfectly perceives the demands of morality -- Perception makes 3’ incompatible with 3 Should a Theist Accept DCT or DIT? Version of Socrates’ challenge from the Euthyphro: What makes something like murder wrong? Two possibilities:
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03DCTandRelativismBW - Ethics and Religion How does faith...

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