BIO 1510 study guide _3 w08

BIO 1510 study guide _3 w08 - BIO 1510 exam#3 study guide...

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BIO 1510 exam #3 study guide 3/31/08 I. For the exam on Monday, 3/31/08, you should be able to answer the following questions and perform the stated tasks. There are numerous practice genetics problems beginning on page 3. About one half of the exam will be genetics problems. Some questions will be worth more than others due to their complexity. Do note that only the material we get through in lecture by the end of class on Wednesday, 3/26/08 will be covered on the exam. Whatever we don’t complete by then will be on the next exam. 1. Be able to define the terms and explain the processes found in bold red letters throughout the power point slides. 2. 3. define karyotype 4. state how many chromosome pairs humans have 5. 6. explain what the cell cycle is 7. describe the events of interphase.  Specifically, state what occurs during the G 1 , G 2 , and S phases 8. know each of the phases of mitosis, meiosis I and meiosis II.  You should be able to outline the processes of mitosis and  meiosis, including all of the events of each phase.  Specifically, make sure you understand all of the terminology (“sister chromatid”,  “centrosomes”, etc.) and what occurs during each phase.   9. explain the primary differences between mitosis and meiosis.   10. state the difference because animal and plant cell cytokinesis (make sure you use the terms “cell plate” and “cleavage  furrow” in your explanation) 11. be able to recognize a description of a phase as being either mitotic or meiotic. 12. explain what the cell cycle control system is, state the two irreversible points in the cell cycle, and describe the three  checkpoints, including what components may affect these checkpoints. 13. explain how cancer occurs, what is meant by metastasis, and how cancer may be treated and prevented 14. describe the characteristics of a malignant tumor 15. outline the life cycle of a sexual organism 16. differentiate between sexual and asexual reproduction  17. list and explain three origins of genetic variation 18. Genetics 19. know the difference between a genotype and a phenotype 20. know the difference between dominant and recessive alleles 21. know the difference between homozygous and heterozygous genotypes 22. understand why blending inheritance is an incorrect hypothesis 23. know the difference between a true-breeding organism and a hybrid organism Page 1 of 5 Pandolfi, Winter 2008
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BIO 1510 exam #3 study guide 3/31/08 24. explain why garden peas made suitable test subjects for Mendel’s experiments 25. be able to understand and use proper notational convention for any genetics problems
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BIO 1510 study guide _3 w08 - BIO 1510 exam#3 study guide...

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