Middle East Lecture Notes

Middle East Lecture Notes - Middle East: Imperialism and...

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Middle East: Imperialism and Decolonization Scope WWI New States and New Dependencies WWII Decolonization and Incomplete Decolonization (Israel) Divergent Paths (post-war) Legacies WWI Backdrop: Decaying Ottoman Empire Multi-national, multi-religious territory Declining throughout 19th century WWI Ottomans Support Central Powers War and defeat bring an end to empire Rise of states and mandates British and French Policy Secret Agreements: territorial control Agreements with local actors 1915: Britain and Sharif Husayn (Arab leader) Britain wanted military aid Promise of Arab State(s) 1916: Sykes-Picot Agreement France and Britain Division of Ottoman Empire 1917: Balfour Declaration (Zionist Homeland) Versailles Treaty (1919) Mandates Britain: Iraq, Jordan, Palestine France: Syria, Lebanon Justification for mandates: ”territories not yet able to stand by themselves [should be] entrusted to advanced nations
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This note was uploaded on 08/10/2008 for the course HIST 22 taught by Professor Israel during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Middle East Lecture Notes - Middle East: Imperialism and...

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