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MGT 3305 Final Review

MGT 3305 Final Review - Chapter 2"Individual Differences...

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Chapter 2 – “Individual Differences: Personality & Ability” Nature of Personality Personality    The pattern of relatively enduring ways that a person feels, thinks,  and behaves Identical Twin Study - Purpose:  Discover extent personality is determined by nature/nuture - What it means:  Half of variation we observe in employees’ personalities in  orgs reflects distinctive ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving inherited from  parents; other 50% reflects life experiences Big Five Model of Personality Match job suitable for five traits (OCEAN) - Openness to experience:  Extent to which a person is original, has broad  interests, and is willing to take risks; RISK-TAKERS - Conscientiousness:  Extent to which a person is careful, scrupulous, and  persevering; ATTENTION TO DETAIL - Extraversion:  Tendency to experience positive emotional states and feel good  about oneself and the world around one; also called positive affectivity; HIGH  SOCIAL INTERACTION - Agreeableness:  Tendency to get alone well with others; TEAM PLAYERS - Neuroticism:  Tendency to experience negative emotional states and view  oneself and world around one negatively; also called negative affectivity;  QUALITY CONTROL, CRITICAL THINKING, AND EVALUATION Other Organizationally Relevant Personality Traits
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Locus of control   - External    Describes people who believe that fate, luck, or outside forces are  responsible for what happens to them - Internal    Describes people who believe that ability, effort, or their own  actions determine what happens to them Self-Monitoring    Extent to which people try to control the way they present  themselves to others - Want behavior to be socially acceptable and attuned to social cues - Good at managing impressions that others have of them Self-Esteem (characteristics of high vs. low)  Extent to which people have pride  in themselves and their capabilities - High:  Set higher goals for themselves and more likely to tackle difficult tasks;  choose challenging careers  Type A Personality and how it affects work    Person who has intense desire to  achieve, is extremely competitive, and has a strong sense of urgency - How it affects work Good:  Productive Bad:   Difficult to get along with because they are so driven; impatient;  hostile; higher chance of heart attacks; not good team players McClelland’s Learned Needs    Traits present in all people to varying degrees - Achievement:  Desire to perform challenging tasks well and to meet one’s own  high standards Like to be responsible for what happens Set clear goals for themselves
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MGT 3305 Final Review - Chapter 2"Individual Differences...

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