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Chapter 281.A patient with mitral stenosis exhibits new symptoms of a dysrhythmia. Based on the pathophysiology of this disease process, the nurse would expect the patient to exhibit what heart rhythm?A)Ventricular fibrillation (VF)B)Ventricular tachycardia (VT)C)Atrial fibrillationD)Sinus bradycardiaAns:CFeedback:In patients with mitral valve stenosis, the pulse is weak and often irregular because of atrial fibrillation. Bradycardia, VF, and VT are not characteristic of this valvular disorder.2.A patient who has undergone a valve replacement with a mechanical valve prosthesis is due to be discharged home. During discharge teaching, the nurse should discuss the importance of antibiotic prophylaxis prior to which of the following?
3.A patient with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) has been admitted to the medical unit. During the nurse’s admission interview, the patient states that she takes over-the-counter water pills on a regular basis. How should the nurse best respond to the fact that the patient has been taking diuretics?
4.The critical care nurse is caring for a patient who is receiving cyclosporine postoperative heart transplant. The patient asks the nurse to remind him what this medication is for. How should the nurse best respond?