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Chapter 19 – Sexuality Education-Sexuality education: the lifelong process of acquiring info about sexual behaviour and forming attitudes, beliefs, and values about identity, relationships, and intimacy oCan occur in many settingsPurposes of Sexuality Education-Goal of sexuality education: promote healthy sexuality-The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)has adopted the definition of sexual health put forward by the World Health Organization:oSexual health: a state of physical, emotional, mental, and social well-beingin relation to sexuality; it’s not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction, or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approachto sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination, and violence. For sexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons must be respected, protected, and fulfilled. -The Sex Information and Education Council of Canada (SIECCAN)is active in promoting high quality sex education in Canadaand coordinated the development of the Canadian Guidelines for Sexual Health EducationoGuidelines provide framework for sexual health education for persons of all agesand from diverse populations that balanceswell-being and desires of indiv with needs/rights of others and of society oAccording to guidelines, sexuality education should help ppl both achieve positive outcomes and avoid negative ones Positive outcomes: self-esteem, respect for self and others, non-exploitative sexual satisfaction and sexual pleasure, rewarding human relationships, and joy of desired parenthood Negative outcomes: unwanted pregnancy, STI, sexual coercion, and sexual dysfunction oEffective sexual health education integrates 4 key components through variety of activitiesThese allow indiv to develop the following:1.Deeper understandingthat’s relevant to their specific health needs + concerns 2.Confidence, motivation, and personal insightneeded to act on that knowledge3.Skillsnecessary to enhance sexual healthand avoid negative sexual healthoutcomes 4.Safe, secure, and inclusive environmentthat’s conductive to promoting optimal sexual healthTo achieve these goals, youth need to have opp to explore attitudes, feelings, and values that may influence their decision/behaviour Sex ed should emphasize self-worth and dignityof indiv and encourage respect for diversityin values, background, and sexual orientation Guidelines recognize students need to made their own informed + responsible choicesrather than have choices imposed on them oResearch shows abstinence can mean diff things to diff pploThe Sexuality Information and Education Council of USdeveloped specific standards forcomprehensive + responsible sexuality education in their document National Sexuality Education Standards: Core Content and Skills1
Identifies 7 topics as minimum, essential content: anatomy and physiology,