French Revolutionbegan in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. Duringthis period, French citizens razed and redesigned their country's political landscape, uprooting centuries-old institutions such as absolute monarchy and the feudal system. Likethe American Revolution before it, the French Revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideals, particularly the concepts of popular sovereignty and inalienable rights. Although it failed to achieve all of its goals and at times degenerated into a chaotic bloodbath, the movement played a critical role in shaping modern nations by showing the world the power inherent in the will of the people.phase 1 - began with estates general, peaceful phase.phase 2 - moderate republican, revolutionaries try to stabilize france, still not violent but they mean to put down the absolutemonarch and reform it.phase 3 - Radical republicans, jacobins incite reign of terror, they kill queen, king and all enemies of states along with the rich.eventually, Robespierre was killed, (leader of the reign)Napoleon finally puts down the revolution.Louis XVI- King of France (1774-1792). In 1789 he summoned the Estates-General, but he did not grant the reforms that were demanded and revolution followed. Louis and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were executed in 1793.Marie AntoinetteQueen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular her extravagance and opposition to reform contributed to the overthrow of the monarchy; she was
guillotined along with her husband (1755-1793)Estates-Generala representative body drawn from the three 'estates' into which society had been theoretically divided: the First Estate was comprised of the clergy, the Second Estate the nobility, and the Third Estate everyone else.