Comparing Farm Bills

Comparing Farm Bills - Order Code RL34228 Comparison of the...

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Unformatted text preview: Order Code RL34228 Comparison of the House and Senate 2007 Farm Bills October 31, 2007 Renée Johnson, Coordinator, Geoffrey S. Becker, Ralph M. Chite, Tadlock Cowan, Ross W. Gorte, Charles E. Hanrahan, Remy Jurenas, Jim Monke, Jean M. Rawson, Randy Schnepf, Jasper Womach, and Jeffrey A. Zinn Resources, Science, and Industry Division Joe Richardson Domestic Social Policy Division Comparison of the House and Senate 2007 Farm Bills Summary The House Agriculture Committee conducted its markup of its version of the farm bill (H.R. 2419) in mid-July and completed House floor action on July 27, 2007. The Senate Agriculture Committee approved its farm bill package (bill number forthcoming) on October 25, 2007. Floor action on the Senate version of the farm bill is expected in November. This report compares the major provisions in the House-passed and the Senate Agriculture Committee-approved versions of the 2007 farm bill with each other and with current law. This comparison does not provide an exhaustive list of all provisions by individual sections or subsections within each title, nor does it provide a detailed discussion of the budget offsets to cover additional spending on programs in certain titles that were adopted or are expected to be proposed as part of these bills. The bills include changes to commodity support and risk management policies and programs (such as direct payments, payment limits, revenue and counter-cyclical payments, crop insurance and disaster assistance, planting flexibility, and specialty crops), as well as provisions affecting conservation, bioenergy, rural development, forestry, agricultural research, competition, trade and food aid, agriculture credit, and domestic food programs and nutrition. Contents Summary of Major Provisions: House and Senate 2007 Farm Bills and Current Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Commodities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Horticulture and Specialty Crops . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Livestock Competition, Marketing, and Regulatory Programs . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Organic Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Conservation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Trade and Food Aid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Nutrition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Agricultural Credit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Rural Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Agricultural Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Agricultural Research ....
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This note was uploaded on 08/08/2008 for the course AAE 320 taught by Professor Mitchell during the Spring '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Comparing Farm Bills - Order Code RL34228 Comparison of the...

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