Experiment #10 O chem - Experiment#10 Saponification of Fat...

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Experiment #10: Saponification of Fat: The Preparation of Soap from ShorteningJessie FurlongCHEM 2081-009Room SCL 406Drawer #37GTA: Maya West4/24/17
IntroductionThe goal of this experiment was to prepare soap by the alkaline hydrolysis or saponification of a fat or oil, which is an ester.
ConclusionThe manufacture of soap involves the alkaline hydrolysis, known as saponification, of a fat or an oil to yield soap plus glycerol. (1) This reaction involves a triglyceride, which reacts with a strong base, to produce fatty acid salts and glycerol. The general reaction for saponification proceeds as so: (2)The overall mechanism of saponification is this: (3)This reaction shows the soap undergoing hydrolysis when it is added to the water. The soap undergoes hydrolysis due to it being composed of a weak acid and a strong base. The hydrolysis of the soap causes the overall solution to be alkaline.In this experiment in particular, the triglyceride was coconut oil, which reacted with NaOH, which was the strong base. This experiment did not fully take place. After the solution

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