BaroquetoRococo - Running head Baroque to Rococo Baroque to...

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Running head: Baroque to Rococo1Baroque to RococoA Stylistic Comparison of 16thand 17thCentury ArtDaniel Adam CourseyWestern Governor’s UniversityIWT1: Humanities
Running head: Baroque to Rococo2Baroque to Rococo: A Stylistic Comparison of 17thto 18thCentury ArtArt, in its various forms, is often a reflection of experience, condition, emotion, or ideals. In the 17thto 18thCenturies, visual art transformed during the Baroque and Rococo periods. From the grandeur themes of Baroque to the asymmetrical designs of Rococo, art pieces reflect the context and conditions of the world in the 1600 and 1700s, and serve as a fascinating reflection of what the world once was.The Baroque StyleBaroque art was heavily influence by Catholicism. Grandeur paintings with exaggerated themes and designs were all the rave. Architecture and sculptures depicted religious themes or embellished mythical themes that had a correlation to the Biblical canon. The Council of Trent had just commenced and so various art forms now displayed the emotional and spiritual messages presented by the church. Art was meantto convey a message about the spiritual condition as much as the physical and so various works took on the form of dramatic religious themes. Chapels became grand and elegant, as did the paintings and sculptures within. Majestic and bold were the ideas of the Baroque artist! Original ideas, sometimes of fantasy were also mainstream. The task of Baroque art, however, was to “fully convey the miracles and sufferings of the Saints to the congregation of Europe.”[Col15]Historical Conditions of the Baroque PeriodSeventeenth century Rome, the birthplace of the Baroque period was a time of expansion. Acknowledged as the era in which modern science ideas began, there were many improved concepts and developments in math, chemistry, and biological sciencesand a better understanding of physics and astronomy that had heavy impacts on societyand nature. An important aspect of scientific developments of the time was the concept that the rest of the universe existed and revolved around the sun, and not the earth meant that the world was a large place. These new ideas, as well as the images and messages of the Catholic Church spread throughout Europe and into South America as explorations began. Foreign trade, world exploration, and big and bright ideas were token in the Baroque era. So, “the Baroque style evolved during a time in which the Roman Catholic Church had to react against the many revolutionary cultural movements that produced a new science and new forms of religion—the Reformation.”[Fra12]

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