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Unformatted text preview: EXAM 1 (60 items, 30 points) Classes 1-5 and Chapter 1 (pages 1-31) Topic: PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Questions: 20 The Mind-Body problem: Socrates and Plato said that mind is separate from body and that knowledge is preexisting, and that there is a soul that survives death. But the data-driven Aristotle came along and said otherwise w.r.t. both issues. Then Descartes came along and said he agrees with Socrates and Platothere are innate ideas floating around in the form of soul, and mind is separate from body. He thought the fluid in animals brain cavities contained animal spirits which flowed out in to the nerves and provoked muscle. to move. He thought memories that we have through experience opened pores in the brain in to which these same animal spirits flowed. He somewhat hit on the idea of the nervous system in so doing. Francis Bacon: One of the founders of modern science, fascinated by the failings of the human mind. Good quotes to remember from him: The human understanding, from its peculiar nature, easily supposes a greater degree of order and equality in things than it really finds." All superstition is much the same whether it be that of astrology, dreams, omen, retributive judgments, or the like, in all of which the deluded believers observe events which are fulfilled, but neglect and pass over their failure, though it be much more common. Women in psychology: Mary Calkins (student of William James) and Margaret Floy Washburn (student of Edward Titchener, the introspection guy) Different psychological perspectives and examples (e.g., How would a neuroscientist think? An evolutionary psychologist? A social psychologist? Etc.) The difference between psychologists (scientist or practitioner?) and psychiatrists What is the hindsight bias? What is the overconfidence bias? What are the different ways of knowing? TAPES What is the Barnum effect or My aunt Fanny effect? How is a science different from a pseudoscience? What a double blind procedure is and how it helps reduce experimenter bias and demand characteristics....
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This note was uploaded on 08/12/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Summer '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.
- Summer '07