RHCh14 - Myers’ EXPL ORIN G PS YC HOLOGY(7th Ed Chapter...

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Myers’ EXPL ORIN G PS YC HOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 14 Therapy James A. McCubbin, PhD Aneeq Ahmad, Ph.D. (as modified by Ray Hawkins, Ph.D.) Worth Publishers
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Therapy The Psychological Therapies Psychoanalysis Humanistic Therapies Behavior Therapies Cognitive Therapies Group and Family Therapies
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Therapy Evaluating Psychotherapies Is Psychotherapy Effective? The Relative Effectiveness of Different Therapies Evaluating Alternative Therapies Commonalities Among Psychotherapies Culture and Values in Psychotherapy
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Therapy The Biomedical Therapies Drug Therapies Brain Stimulation Psychosurgery Preventing Psychological Disorders
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History of Insane Treatment Maltreatment of the insane throughout the ages was the result of irrational views. Many patients were subjected to strange, debilitating, and downright dangerous treatments. The Granger Collection The Granger Collection
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History of Insane Treatment Philippe Pinel in France and Dorthea Dix in America founded humane movements to care for the mentally sick. http://wwwihm.nlm.nih.gov Philippe Pinel (1745-1826) Dorthea Dix (1802-1887) Culver Pictures
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Therapies Psychotherapy involves an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and a mental patient. Biomedical therapy uses drugs or other procedures that act on the patient’s nervous system, treating his or her psychological disorders. An eclectic approach uses various forms of healing techniques depending upon the client’s unique problems.
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Psychological Therapies We will look at four major forms of psychotherapies based on different theories of human nature: 1. Psychoanalytic theory 2. Humanistic theory 3. Behavioral theory 4. Cognitive theory
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Psychoanalysis The first formal psychotherapy to emerge was psychoanalysis, developed by Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud's famous couch Edmund Engleman Film
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Psychoanalysis: Aims Since psychological problems originate from childhood repressed impulses and conflicts, the aim of psychoanalysis is to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness where the patient can deal with them. When energy devoted to id-ego-superego conflicts is released, the patient’s anxiety lessens.
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Psychoanalysis: Methods Dissatisfied with hypnosis, Freud developed the method of free association to unravel the unconscious mind and its conflicts. The patient lies on a couch and speaks about whatever comes to his or her mind. http://www.english.upenn.edu
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Psychoanalysis: Methods During free association, the patient edits his thoughts, resisting his or her feelings to express emotions. Such resistance becomes important in the analysis of conflict- driven anxiety. Eventually the patient opens up and reveals his or her innermost private thoughts, developing positive or negative feelings ( transference ) towards the therapist.
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Psychoanalysis: Criticisms 1. Psychoanalysis is hard to refute because it cannot be proven or disproven.
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