18_Personality2 - Introduction to Psychology Class 18:...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Psychology Class 18: Personality 2 Myers: 429 to 456 July 31, 2006 Psychoanalytic Perspective Free association Id Ego Superego Psychosexual stages Defense mechanisms Repression* Regression Reaction formation Projection Rationalization Displacement Sublimation Projective tests The Self Spotlight effect: Fewer people notice us and aspects about us than we tend to assume (Gilovich and Savitsky, 1999) Self-esteem: One's feelings of high or low selfworth Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale Motives concerning the Self Social comparison: Downward and Upward Self-enhancement (Baumeister): The tendency to see oneself or want to be seen as better than one really is Self-verification (Swann): The tendency to see oneself or want to be seen as one really is Self-serving Bias Definition: Tendency/readiness to perceive oneself favorably Take credit for success, blame failure on someone/thing else Better-than-average effect Affirming self by derogating others Culture and the Self COLLECTIVISM Giving priority to the goals of one's group and defining one's identity accordingly. The emphasis is on harmony and blending in. INDIVIDUALISM Giving priority to personal goals and defining one's identity accordingly. The emphasis is on uniqueness and standing out. The Independent and Interdependent Self ...
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18_Personality2 - Introduction to Psychology Class 18:...

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