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class16_languageintelligence

class16_languageintelligence - Introduction to Psychology...

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    Introduction to Psychology Class 16:  Language & Intelligence Myers:  302-336 July 13, 2006
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    Language Our spoken, written, or signed words and the  way we combine them to communicate  meaning Nature  (genes, brain, ability to speak and sign)                  +                                                        Nurture  (languages to which one is exposed)    =                         Behavior  (mastery of language)
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    Developing Language Skinner          Operant learning Chomsky          Universal grammar Cognitive scientists   Statistical learning
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    Operant learning Skinner (1957) Association (sight of toy with the sound of “toy”) Imitation (or words and phrases others use) Reinforcement (smiles, hugs on correct usage)
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    Universal grammar Chomsky (1959)
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