Motivation,_Drugs,_and_Alcohol

Motivation,_Drugs,_and_Alcohol - Motivation Today we cover...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Motivation
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Today we cover How does motivation activate, direct, and  sustain behavior? How do people achieve personal goals? What is addiction? Drugs and Alcohol Opiates MDMA Marijuana LSD Alcohol
Background image of page 2
Motivation A need or desire that energizes or directs a behavior A hypothetical state within an organism that propels it toward - Instigation and maintenance of a behavior - Achievement of a goal
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Some Definitions … Instinct: A complex unlearned behavior rigidly patterned throughout a species Homeostasis: A tendency to maintain a constant internal state Drive-reduction theory: A physiological need creates arousal which motivates an organism to satisfy the need
Background image of page 4
Definitions “Needs” are states of deficiency “Drives” are psychological states activated to satisfy needs Needs produce states of arousal which drive behavior “Incentives” are external motivators that  motivate behaviors
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Crandall & Jones (1986): Scale Satisfaction of lower level needs creates upper level needs Motivation enables satisfaction of needs
Background image of page 6
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The pleasure principle Motivational states arouse behaviors that solve adaptive problems and produce pleasure Pleasure is associated with dopamine release, and many pleasurable behaviors exceed adaptive needs
Background image of page 8
Extrinsic vs. Intrinsic motivation Extrinsic motivation = external goals Intrinsic motivation = value or pleasure of an
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 08/12/2008 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Summer '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Page1 / 30

Motivation,_Drugs,_and_Alcohol - Motivation Today we cover...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online