Exam2answers - PSYCHOLOGY 301 Exam 2 3/29/04 I. Answer each...

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PSYCHOLOGY 301 Exam 2 3/29/04 I. Answer each of the following 40 multiple choice questions; you may write on this sheet, but only scantrons will be scored. 1. Talitha prefers to take early morning classes, does quite well in them, and tends to be less alert later in the day. This is a reflection of her: a. circadian rhythm. b. microsleep patterns. c. activation-synthesis. d. need for achievement 2. Just like in the scuba diver study, if I lectured to you either underwater or on a beach, then tested you for retention, you will recall more when a. underwater. b. on a beach. c. the material is learned and retrieved in the opposite context. d. the material is learned and retrieved in the same context. 3. Dev Singh explained in class that evolutionary design of the body and mind contributes to all of the following EXCEPT: a. Our liking for fat and sugar b. The attractiveness of a skinny models c. Why women are dissatisfied with their hips, butts, and thighs d. Why men get ‘beer bellies’ 4. Laurel is a sleep researcher observing a research participant. She notices fairly regular breathing, a slowing heart rate, and dropping blood pressure. Laurel makes a note about a "hypnogogic state," then the research participant's leg jerks abruptly. The research participant is in __________ sleep. a. stage 1 b. stage 2 c. stage 5 d. REM 5. Because of our ancestral past, a man is most likely to choose a mate who is young and physically attractive because a. these attributes signal reproductive fertility. b. men are primarily interested in women who look good. c. such women are likely to be sexually promiscuous. d. such women are likely to have experience in sexual intercourse. 6. Why is it that Amy is so often in the middle of a dream when she wakes up in the morning? a. Experiencing a dream tends to wake people up, at least briefly.
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b. Dreams are evenly spaced throughout the night, so it is just a coincidence. c. During the last hour before awakening in the morning, REM periods are quite long. d. REM periods only occur in the second half of one's sleep period.
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7. Paul was a research participant in a sleep experiment. In the study, he was awakened every time his eyes began to dart back and forth. On the next night, he most likely: a. spent more sleep time in the REM stage. b. had a lucid dream of being awakened. c. had difficulty falling asleep. d. slept especially lightly, spending most of the night in stage 1. 8. Sonya trained her boyfriend to salivate in response to a buzzer by repeatedly sounding the buzzer before placing food in his mouth. The buzzer would be a(n) __________, and the salivation to the sound of the buzzer would become a(n) __________. a. conditioned response; conditioned stimulus b. conditioned stimulus; conditioned response c. conditioned stimulus; unconditioned response d. unconditioned response; unconditioned stimulus 9. Suppose your dog automatically starts running whenever he sees you start running. If you want your dog to learn to run whenever you say the word, "RUN!" you should:
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Exam2answers - PSYCHOLOGY 301 Exam 2 3/29/04 I. Answer each...

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